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Review Your Financial Habits

It’s time for a tune-up of the way you spend, save, and plan.

Do a career check-up. The time to plan for a career change is before your employer shows you the door. If you’re hearing about job cuts in your industry, figure out how close cutbacks are to you and plan accordingly. Make a list of the top three to five employers you would be happy to join and start networking with employees of those companies at local industry associations, through friends or at conferences. Talk to your human resources department about what you could do about your pension and 401(k) assets, your health insurance and other benefits if you were laid off. Most important, get some advice from an employment law attorney or an outside human resources expert about negotiating a better exit package. Some companies might offer special incentives to employees who quietly offer to pack up, but make sure everything is in writing, and do so only if you have another job lined up.

Assess your current financial situation. If you’re not already working with a financial planner, maybe you should be. Plan a visit now with a financial planner. Making a financial plan in bad economic times can be a good idea because you’ll develop a more protective mindset of your finances that can reap even greater benefits when times are good.

Create a budget. In tough times, it’s important to limit your spending on unnecessary extras and zero in on which financial goals are truly important. A financial planner can help you with a reality check of your current spending and help you divert more of your weekly paycheck into an emergency fund as well as dollars to pay down debt and increase your savings and investments.

Convert to cash or debit for most of your spending. Develop a “real-money-only” mentality. Your budget will tell you how much to spend, and the best way to stick to those numbers is to shop only with folding money or a debit card. Debit cards wearing a bankcard logo are typically welcome at most stores where credit cards are accepted. This way, you pay cash without the risks of carrying cash. If you’re considering a debit card, ask your bank to limit the spending power on that card to the cash balance in your checking account, and be sure to ask how you’re protected in case of loss or theft. Also, ask about any fees you may incur.

Shop on a schedule with a comprehensive list. Consider limiting your shopping trips to maybe one or two a week, and work only from a comprehensive shopping list that shows you everything you’re thinking of buying in a week—groceries, family items and incidentals for yourself. First, planned shopping trips mean you’ll save gas as well as time. Second, a comprehensive shopping list—either on a computer file or on a big sheet of legal paper—allows you to see everything you want and allows you to split your priorities between legitimate needs and stuff you can put on hold. What about the “wait for” side of the list? Keep those items in their own column on your main list week-to-week so you can keep a lookout for sales and coupons.

Use coupons. If you’re searching only in newspapers or print circulars for coupons, you might be missing big savings. If you have access to the Internet, use your search engine to identify manufacturers of items you regularly buy and see if you can get on their e-mail list for special coupons online. Major retail chains also e-mail coupons and news of special sales to customers online as well. Also, if you don’t have a code to type in the “discount code” box when you’re buying something online, stop. It’s wise to pull up another search window and type in the name of the product, the retailer’s name and the words “discount code” and see if anything comes up that fits the product you’re buying. Also, there are many independent coupon Web sites out there that will save you money, but use only those that won’t put spyware on your computer that lets those companies monitor your spending and surfing habits.

Think about the holidays and year-end tax planning now. December is probably the most damaging money month of the year. Now is a good time to start planning what you’ll spend on presents and entertaining during the holiday season. Also, set aside some time to review your tax situation and set aside the funds for any charitable giving or investment moves you might want to make at year-end.

Source: Financial Planning Association

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